People from many countries do not need a visa to visit or transit through Canada—meaning these people can pass through freely on their way somewhere else on a flight layover. Visitors from the United States, Japan, Australia, Italy, and Switzerland among others do not need a visa to come to Canada.
However, citizens from certain countries do require a visa to visit or transit Canada, so be sure to check out the full list of countries whose citizens require a visa if you're not from the above-mentioned countries. If this is the case, you will need to present your Canadian visa (a stamp in your passport) when you arrive in the country, and therefore, you must apply for your Canadian visa in plenty of time to receive it before you leave on your trip—usually four to eight weeks.
There are two applicable taxes in Québec: a federal Goods and Services Tax (GST) of 5% and a Québec provincial tax (TVQ) of 9.975%. A 3.5% accommodation tax is also in effect in Montréal.
It is customary to tip restaurant waiters, taxi drivers and hairdressers 15% of the bill, before taxes. Bellhops, porters, doormen, etc. generally receive at least $2 per suitcase or per service rendered. Coffee and food counters often have a tip cup next to the cash register; spare change is always appreciated.
Canadian currency is the Canadian dollar, which is divided into 100 cents. There are 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar bills. Smaller coins are 5, 10, and 25 cent pieces as well as of 1 and 2 dollars. Banking and credit cards are also welcome almost everywhere.
Montreal has a humid continental climate. Summers are warm and humid, with temperatures in the low 80s, but it can get even warmer. Meanwhile, winters are generally cold, snowy, and windy. Temperatures below freezing are normal. In June the highest temperatures are around 75°F (24°C) and the lowest 58°F (14°C).
International Dialing Code: +1
Area Code: 514
Eastern Standard Time (EST): UTC/GMT -5 hours
Standard voltage is 110-120 V (with a standard frequency of 60 Hz)
Plugs used in Canada:
English and French